Unfortunately, Novell Netware is pretty much dead as an operating system. These pages will not be updated anymore, but will be retained for a while for the benefit of the faithful who continue to use this excellent operating system.
Novell did create the Open Enterprise Server, a SUSE Linux based OS that runs most of the old NetWare server functions.


What is iFolder

iFolder is an Internet file solution that lets you keep copies of a file in a consistent state. You may have different copies of the same file held on a laptop, a server and a PC hard drive. iFolder will ensure that you always have the most recent version of your file. Anything you save in iFolder on one machine will be synchronised as a background task on all of your other machines. However, iFolder works on individual files in an iFolder directory, it will not keep two servers synchronised.
You get the Standard Edition of iFolder bundled with NetWare 6. If you need support for Windows 2000/NT, Linux or Solaris Servers then you need to upgrade to the Professional Edition. The Professional Edition also includes reporting tools to track iFolder usage, and it lets you operate multiple iFolder servers as a single system.

iFolder Components

IFolder requires both a server and a client component, though if you use a Web browser for file upload and download then this does not require client software. However if you access iFolder through a Browser, then you have to download a file from the iFolder server before you can work on it, then upload it again to save your changes.

The iFolder Server component can be installed on a NetWare 6 server, or a NetWare 5.1 server with a service pack and a combined Apache/iFolder installation.
iFolder can also run on Windows NT/2000 servers. It requires the use of IIS (Internet Information Server) rather than Apache.

The iFolder Windows Client requires a 2MB client file named iFolderClient.EXE. When you run iFolderClient.EXE you create an iFolder subdirectory under the \My Documents directory called iFolder\UserID\Home, and a similar personalized directory on the iFolder server. You can change the name of the client directory if you wish.

Directory structures created under the iFolder Home directory are recreated exactly on the iFolder server.
The iFolder client will only back up files in the iFolder directory. It will not backup files that are pointed to by a shortcut in the iFolder directory. It watches the file system for changes and synchronises any changes to the files. The iFolder client does not transmit an entire changed file, but it parses each file into 4KB blocks. Only the changed blocks are transmitted to the server from the client where the change is made, to conserve Network traffic.

The date and time stamps are updated consistently over all components. All files in the 'my documents/iFolder directory' are synchronized, there is no way at present to exclude files. What if you want to synchronise more than one directory? You can maintain separate iFolder accounts and each account will then have it's own folder on the local hard drive.

You open the iFolder directory by clicking on the desktop shortcut, or by selecting “Open Novell iFolder” from the Task Bar icon. Once you are into the iFolder directory, you have full Windows drag-and-drop capabilities, plus all other Windows utilities, and this work as well here as they do anywhere else.

What happens if more than one user tries to change a file at the same time? IFolder will save and synchronise the latest file that was updated. The failed updates are saved in the Conflict Bin, which is similar to the Windows Recycle bin. The Conflict Bin also contains previous versions of saved files, so you can recover failed conflicts, or any previous version of a saved file, within the limits of the Conflict Bin retention parameters.

Browser commands

Using a Web browser, any Novell iFolder user can login with their username and password. Once connected, the contents of that user’s server Novell iFolder become available to that user. Once authenticated, the user sees the contents of their Novell iFolder directory displayed in Explorer-tree fashion. Users can –

  • Upload local files to an iFolder server directory.
  • Download a file from the iFolder server to the local system
  • Delete a file from the iFolder server, which will then be deleted from all local machine’s iFolder during the next synchronisation.
  • Change the name of the highlighted file or directory.
  • Create a new folder in the highlighted directory.

PDA users can also use iFolder. Users with PDAs that support wireless links to the Internet can access and manage files in their Novell iFolder account from anywhere.

Policy Options

You don't need to do much administration work for iFolder, you can let all the policies default, or you can change the iFolder policies for both the client and server.
There are two Server Policies

Storage space allowed
default 200MB
Timeout after inactivity
60 minutes

Some Client Policies are -

on or off; defaults to on
Save Password
on or off; defaults to off
Automatic Sync
on or off; defaults to on
Sync to Server Delay
The number of seconds after a file change made at the Client before it is sent to the Novell iFolder server to synchronise the changes; default is 5 seconds, minimum is 3 seconds, maximum is 24 hours.
Sync From Server Interval
The number of seconds after a file change made at the iFolder Server is pushed down to the client; default is 20 seconds, minimum is 0 seconds, maximum is 24 hours.
Conflict Bin Space
The amount of space dedicated to holding deleted or changed files until the user either salvages the files or deletes them from the Novell iFolder server; default is 25MB, minimum is 0MB, maximum is 100MB.

Users may change these settings at their Novell iFolder clients using the icon in the Task Bar.